It’s no longer one of the world’s mysteries as to why the cave continues to be very queer and stranger. There are so many things you can find in a cave, whether it’s glowing bacteria or unknown species. Whether it’s because of the lack of light within a cave, it appears to draw some of the world’s mysteries. In fact, scientists find themselves puzzled by what they find within its depths. In the following, we’ll be listing some of the most astounding findings.
Micro Organisms Thriving
Scientists found themselves surprised with a certain discovery in an ancient cave in Naica, Mexico. They found a cluster of micro-organisms that have been surprisingly thriving, despite being underground. Living on rich minerals within the depths of crystals, this discovery changed what they thought to be true about life on the planet. If you think this is strange, wait until you keep reading on with the other discoveries you’ll find even queerer than this one.
Stumbling Upon Bones
There are several possibilities you can open yourself into when diving underwater and this is all the more accurate with this discovery. A group of divers was deep-diving off the coast of Madagascar when they found several bones. These bones belonged to the Lemur, an extinct ancestor of the animal which was extinct for at least 2,000 years. If it was you in their position, you’re guaranteed to be fascinated by bones you find of an extinct animal.
Caves can have unusual reputations too, which is exactly the case for this group of caves found in West Wycombe, South Central England. They’ve been given the nickname Hellfire Caves as they were believed by the majority to be haunted. This cave is filled with strange carvings within its walls, which are said to be connected with The Devil. Its mysterious drawings are adequate to attract people all over the globe to visit this spooky cave.
There’s a particular substance called Snottite that grows in a special cave in Tabasco, Mexico. This substance is particularly sticky and viscous, which coats the inner walls of the cave. It’s so sticky that it’s able to capture flying insects along with them. What makes this substance extremely queer is that the cave makes it near-uninhabitable for any other living organism except this. The Snottite is extremophilic in this scenario, which defines organisms that can thrive even in inhospitable environments.
In another case of extremophiles, this specific cave of Monfort Bat Sanctuary makes it unlivable for most living organisms except tiny bats. This sanctuary was listed in the 2010 Guinness World Records as a significant landmark for bat-lovers. There’s also a specific cave in the Philippines where approximately 2.3 million tiny bats are flying around throughout its deep walls- and reports state that this is the biggest group of bats anywhere on the planet.
Gruesome Death Cave
If you’re looking for another cave with a mysterious history, this cave in Northern Scotland will interest you. While it’s normal for archaeologists to stumble upon unearthed bones, it tells a different story when they came across artifacts in the depths of Smoo Caves. Gruesome remains were found in this cave and we’re talking decapitated skulls, spears, and body parts. Scientists have indicated that the specific cause for this was that the cave had been a site for human sacrifices.
If you think a cave that was previously the source of human sacrifices is creepy enough, this isn’t the case at all. This New York State cave is particularly a spooky discovery, especially for this group of hikers that came across a queer statue that’s been placed inside. This is also the reason behind the cave’s name, which has been known as The Crone, which refers to a hand-carved figure that has six nails driven into its eyes. Just like you, a lot of people are questioning how the statue was placed inside this particular cave and the reason behind it.
Despite the horrors and strangeness we’ve mentioned in the circumstances above, not all caves are filled with gruesome stores. If you’re lucky enough, it’s possible to stumble upon the natural beauty found within the depths of caves. This is specifically true for the Olm Salamander, which is a recent discovery that fascinated the scientific community. This adorable and unusual amphibian can be found in Slovenia and Croatia, and can stay for as long as a hundred years. They retain the same set of gills throughout those hundred years and they also happen to be completely blind, using their electro-sensation to feel around their environment.
Movile Cave: Part 1
Romania is specifically known for having spooky and supernatural folklore. However, what you’re about to hear in the city of Constanta isn’t supernatural even in the slightest. A cave called Movile Cave has been releasing hydrogen sulfide inside the cave for over 5 million years. This is not just horrifying to hear, but it’s unbearable. It’s no longer a shock that living organisms are incapable of withstanding this specific cave. Although, certain species belonging to centipedes and arachnids are unaffected by the cave’s conditions and have made it their home.
Movile Cave: Part 2
You might be asking yourself the question as to why a place can be so threatening to human life itself. As scientists have studied and excavated the depths of this particular cave, they discovered the cave to contain only half of the oxygen requirement for survival. This is why any individual who enters this cave without the necessary equipment will experience hypoxia and eventually perish because of oxygen deficiency. The only reason scientists are able to venture into this cave is because of their diving tanks and gears.
Movile Cave: Part 3
If the environment appears to be this hostile and threatening, why do scientists keep coming back? Frankly, the toxicity of the cave’s nature wasn’t the best discovery they could find. Rather, it was the discovery that the waters in this particular habitat shared several conditions with ecosystems above ground. While there is minimal sunlight that reaches the cave, the bacteria is still capable of getting adequate amounts of carbon dioxide, similar to sea-level vegetation. There is no other circumstance like this on the planet, which is what makes it extremely fascinating.
The fascinating thing about caves is that their interior is capable of being protected even from the most disastrous climates, natural disasters, and conditions. This is why several cultural artifacts are preserved – because of this amusing fact. Several sightings, including these paintings left behind in an Argentina cave, have been traced as far as 13,000 years. Studies have also proven that these drawings were made from chalk powder. It’s no wonder that artifacts are always treasured, especially by the scientific community.
If you were to stumble upon the ancient formations in a cavern in France, you’d find that there’s so much more than proto-humans. These structures are believed to be symbols used in spiritual rituals in the world of Neanderthals to depict a deeper meaning. Upon analyzing this cave, you will see heaps and circles being dotted throughout the cave. The Neanderthals also used nearby mineral deposits for these rituals. While they look confusing and overwhelming to us, they do provide insight into their history.
If you’re an Ophidiophobe, you might want to consider turning away in this section. You’ll find a slithering snake that’s considered the largest snake observed in human history within the Brazilian caves of Altamira. Weighing 880 pounds and measuring 33 feet, this serpent beats Medusa from Kansas City. This fascinating snake was found by Brazilian construction workers and used a construction crane to pick up the giant anaconda. Discoveries are still in continuation if any of its kind are still lurking.
We’ve tackled quite a few Neanderthals references in this list and you’ll be pleased to know that it doesn’t end there. Building caves and painting cavern walls isn’t all that Neanderthals were known for, but this also goes for jewelry, which also surprised scientists. They found jewelry to be scattered all over the site, which was a cave located in Spain. The found jewelry was believed to be about 115,000 years old, which is almost twice as old as those paintings mentioned above.
There are several pieces of evidence that let us gain insight into the past species that have gone extinct today. This is all the more true for the island of Flores in Indonesia, which claims that lost people once existed. Fossils in the Liang Bua cave were discovered by researchers to provide evidence that small-brained humanoids thrived on this island. They were officially called Homo Floresiensis, and nicknamed “hobbits” by scientists. Despite being the prey of Komodo dragons, they really did flourish with life.
Cannibalism Gone Wild
There are so many fascinating bones and skeletons you can find at the bottom of caves. However, there are circumstances where that discovery can be classified as rather gruesome. This particular Spanish cave revealed a disturbing tale of a Neanderthal family with a case of cannibalism of a fellow Neanderthal. This just proves that this act dates back as far as 49,000 years. If you think this practice is purely fiction, you might want to rethink that theory.
Deep Into the Earth’s Core
The depths of our planet are truly interesting but if given the chance, would you want to feel like you just dove into the center of the Earth? In this scenario in Ellison’s Cave, a group of individuals descended as far as 586 feet into the cave, feeling like they were actually in the center of our planet. Ellison’s Cave is placed number 12 on the list of deepest caves in North America, which is why it leaves you feeling like you explored the parts of the Earth upon entering it.
Bacteria isn’t the most fascinating thing you can find, but this isn’t the case for this cave in New Zealand. Rather, they’re a cause for celebration, especially when you see the depths of the walls and ceilings being consumed by phosphorescent worms – otherwise known as glow worms by locals. You’ll be fascinated by how these bacterias light up the dark walls each night, which is why it’s such a popular tourist destination. You can even go for a kayaking tour while being amazed by them through the caverns.
It shouldn’t be any surprise how scientists discover several caves that leave them confused and wondering. In a South African cave, evidence led to the belief in the existence of pre-human species, which were recently unknown until this discovery. Due to this new discovery, it led to multiple questions without many concrete answers. Although the newfound species have been called Homo Naledi, the knowledge on them remains limited to walking Earth approximately 3 million years ago.
A Cave For Refuge
While most ancient caves are left alone before being excavated by science, this doesn’t go for The Reed Flute Cave or Karst Cave. This cave is particularly gorgeous with a modern story within its walls that you’ll find fascinating. It existed for millions of years and during those years, it was also used for shelter during World War II. This cave was a source of safety for the Chinese soldiers back in the day and it’s one of the many reasons why people continue to pay this gorgeous cave a visit – whether it’s to admire the cave’s beauty or to pay homage to the soldiers.
Amusing Cave Pearls
The fascinating thing about caves is that they’re filled with some of the world’s greatest unusual species such as phosphorescent worms or giant crystals. It’s no wonder that scientists are always amused when finding significant discoveries in caves, which is all the more true for this next discovery. There are these pretty stones called cave pearls, which are produced from mineral calcite and found within cavern waters. Scientists have found a significant value in studying these amusing pearls.
Multiple Blue Holes
Whether you realize this or not, not all caves are located in a terrain setting as several caves are found underwater. In the Bahamas, this is the highest density found in caves in just one location as there are over 200 caves in this area. This is the premise behind why they’re called Blue Holes. The caves can easily be distinguished from above as their hue is different from the ocean blue color surrounding them. While most underwater caves stand untouched, this doesn’t necessarily apply to all.
The Best of Both Worlds
If you’ve never heard of a cave that can form in both terrain and water setting, this specific cave would leave you fascinated. Located on a small island in Greece is Melissani Cave, which has a large lake inside of it. It’s a remarkable landmark that tourists often visit, which isn’t surprising given it’s gorgeous and stunning nature. It’s an open cave with views of the sky, which gives you the best view of the glowing blue cave walls because of the natural light coming from the sky.
Minerals are one of the unique aspects that compose caves, encouraging their unusual formation and shape. In this scenario is stalactite, a distinct formation that spans down from the ceilings. Formed through a combination of both wafer and minerals that drip downward, this is the magic behind how it forms its fascinating shape. The stalagmite is similar to the stalactite, wherein the only difference lies in the way their shapes are formed. Stalagmites are formed from the ground whereas stalactites are formed from the ceiling.
The Key to the Dead Sea Scrolls
You might not realize this, but caves have secrets too, especially in the hills of Judea. When this secret was first revealed, it caused shockwaves within scientists as deep inside these caves, the Dead Sea Scrolls can be found. If you aren’t familiar with the Dead Sea Scrolls, it contains ancient religious manuscripts with historical significance that make it very crucial. Along with these scrolls were a child’s skeleton and a basket that was found to be approximately 10,500 years old.
6,000 Feet Underground
A lot of caves can be extremely dangerous, no matter how tempting it is to go exploring and diving. Some caves are so threatening that it’s merely impossible to be explored, which are often caverns that are part of a complex caving system that goes deep underground. However, people still attempt to go as deep as they can into these caves, which is exactly the case for Krubera Cave. This is one of the most challenging cave expeditions in the world where the deepest any group has gone into is 6,824 feet, which made them stuck underground for 3 weeks.
Another fascinating thing about caves is its capability to survive extreme environments. For instance, bats and the Olms salamander use echolocation and electro-sensation to feel around their surroundings in finding their way around. These aren’t the only species who do this, but this also goes for rare fish species who no longer use their eyes anymore. These fish live in their cave pools and find it easier to move around using vibrations, otherwise known as a lateral line that hits the fish’s vertebrae.
We’ve mentioned several crystals in caves in this list as they continue to be such a fascinating thing. There’s one variety of crystals that are so long, they’re capable of rivaling the telephone poles we see today. These long crystals can be found in the Cave of Crystals in Mexico and are capable of growing up to 36 feet and weighing as heavy as 55 tons. However, an average person can’t venture through this cave as it can reach as high as 118 degrees Fahrenheit.
The Mystery Continues
By the time you get to this part, the mystery and wonder that caves provide should be obvious by now. There are limitless discoveries you can find in caves, whether they’re human creations, natural formations, or even something as gruesome as human remains. This is why it’s understandable why scientists spend years excavating these caverns. There are so many secrets you can unlock by assessing caverns. Perhaps it’s to get concrete answers to some of humanity’s deeper questions or to give an insight into the world’s history as a whole.
Combined As One
If you’ve never seen two caves being connected with one another, you’d be extremely amazed by this particular cave. The Lamprechtskften-Vogelshacht caves were united as one, with the depths going as deep as 5,354 feet underground. Exhibitionists will find this cave located in Salzburg, Austria particularly amusing. In fact, several people believe that the cave is more than meets the eye and there’s so much to be yet discovered. However, its depths will continue to be a mystery until explosives are employed to clear the path.
The Royston Cave
There’s something intriguing about caves with a historical architecture or background, which is exactly the case for The Royston Cave in South East England. It forms a man-made structure that looks similar to a dome and dates back to the Middle Ages. Its location might be obvious, but its backstory remains a mystery. Another cave covered in markings, they’ve been linked to Pagan and religious roots. While this remains a theory, both historians and researchers suspect the cave to be once occupied by the Knights Templar, and others believe it to hold clues for the Holy Grail.
We’ve learned about critters who’ve made the most inhabitable caves underground, however, this isn’t just limited to deep caves but also for those above the ground. The Panxian Cave in China’s mountainous region continues to be a place where scientists look for answers. Researchers have also stumbled upon samples of both rhinos and stegodons, which are classified as ancient relatives of elephants. While this isn’t exactly the species that come to mind when venturing caverns, if there’s a central theme to cave discoveries, it’s the mystery that comes along with it.
The Queer Caves of Cornwall
While the history of caves has dated for thousands of years, it’s also not surprising that the origin stories that come with these caves are lost over the ages. However, this doesn’t stop scientists and historians from searching for clues and hidden meanings. This is especially true for the Caves of Cornwall, where tourists found themselves having strange experiences while visiting. Whether it’s in the form of bizarre noises or unexplained glowing orbs, they end up with some jaw-dropping moments. With this particular cave going back 500 B.C., it isn’t surprising for scientists to find mystical significance to the cave.
The Truth of the Markings
In the Carpathian Mountains, there are footprints that date back to 36,500 years, which have shaken the entirety of the archeological community that led them to speculate and wonder. While the Transylvanian region is no longer a stranger to both mystery and folklore because of Count Dracula, these markings share a different story. The prints were first discovered in 1965, which then pointed to a single-child family from 15,000 years ago. However, radiocarbon measurements provided by fossils nearby proved the markings to be actually dated to 36,500 years.
The Great Sacrifice
66 million years ago, there was an enormous asteroid that crashed in the modern-day region of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. As a result, a megatsunami occurred that obliterated around 120 miles of the Earth’s surface. This caused a series of sinkholes that would later be worshipped and used by the Mayans. These sinkholes were believed to be sites of worship and used as a place to hold great sacrifices. Whether it’s sacrificing dead bodies or jewelry, people would throw them in the sinkholes in the hopes of blessing people with great fortune.
The Himalayas is a very mysterious place, and this is evidently true as it shows a stunning cave system with a multi-layered past. The cliff you can see below is home to approximately 10,000 man-made caves. This was explored in the 1990s, which was headed by Nepali archeologists and researchers from the University of Cologne. After a lot of research, they’ve divided its past into three distinct periods – 1,000 B.C., the 10th Century, and the Middle Ages.
The Caynton Caves
The Caynton Caves have been particularly sealed – or so they thought – until they were rediscovered years later with a special twist in Shifnal. Folklore enthusiasts believe that the Knights Templar once lived in this cavern in the 17th Century. However, history says otherwise, which debunks this belief. One thing’s for sure – this cave has a story worth telling.
A group of archeologists discovered something rather shocking in the Marcel Loubens Cave back in 2015. They found the skull of a woman aged between 24 to 35 years of age, from roughly 3630 to 3380 B.C. While it’s fairly common in Europe’s Copper Age to bury the dead in caves, her skull wasn’t accompanied by any other bones. According to a publication, natural causes can be the root for the skull making its way to the cave’s floor.
Glowing Swimming Pool
In the Tyrrhenian Sea on the coast of Italy lies a hidden gem. Sunlight still manages to get within the dark walls of The Blue Grotto, radiating the entire cave in a glowing blue light – but the cave’s history might be just as bright. It was believed during the Roman times that this cave was used as a personal swimming pool where statues were found at the depths of the waters, including Roman Sea Gods like Nepture and Triton.